Christoph Spiegel

Ph.D. Student at the Universitat
Politècnica de Catalunya

Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Omega Building • room 412 • 08034 Barcelona
christoph.spiegel@fu-berlin.de

supervisorsJuanjo Rué Perna and Oriol Serra
research interests   combinatorial number theory

Publications

to be submittedRandom Strategies are Nearly Optimal for Generalized
van der Waerden Games
– with C. Kusch, J. Rué Perna and T. Szabó

We study the biased version of a strong generalization of the van der Waerden games introduced by Beck as well as the hypergraph generalization of the biased \(H\)-games previously studied by Bednarska and Łuczak. In particular, we determine the threshold biases of these games up to constant factors by proving general winning criteria for Maker and Breaker based on the ideas of Bednarska and Łuczak. We show that a random strategy for Maker is the best known strategy.

publishedA Note on Sparse Supersaturation
and Extremal Results for Linear Homogeneous Systems

We study the thresholds for the property of containing a solution to a linear homogeneous system in random sets. We expand a previous sparse Szémeredi-type result of Schacht to the broadest class of matrices possible. We also provide a shorter proof of a sparse Rado result of Friedgut, Rödl, Ruciński and Schacht based on a hypergraph container approach due to Nenadov and Steger. Lastly we further extend these results to include some solutions with repeated entries using a notion of non-trivial solutions due to Rúzsa as well as Rué et al.

Note that simultaneous and independent work of Hancock, Staden and Treglown covers some of the same results.

to be submittedOn the asymptotic proportion
of monochromatic combinatorial lines
– with L. Vena

publishedThreshold functions and Poisson convergence for systems
of equations in random sets
– with J. Rué Perna and A. Zumalacárregui

Mathematisch Zeitschrift – February 2017

We present a unified framework to study threshold functions for the existence of solutions to linear systems of equations in random sets which includes arithmetic progressions, sum-free sets, \(B_{h}[g]\)-sets and Hilbert cubes. In particular, we show that there exists a threshold function for the property "\(\mathcal{A}\) contains a non-trivial solution of \(M\cdot\textbf{x}=\textbf{0}\)", where \(\mathcal{A}\) is a random set and each of its elements is chosen independently with the same probability from the interval of integers \(\{1,\dots,n\}\). Our study contains a formal definition of trivial solutions for any combinatorial structure, extending a previous definition by Ruzsa when dealing with a single equation. Furthermore, we study the behaviour of the distribution of the number of non-trivial solutions at the threshold scale. We show that it converges to a Poisson distribution whose parameter depends on the volumes of certain convex polytopes arising from the linear system under study as well as the symmetry inherent in the structures, which we formally define and characterize.

Talks
Septemer 2017The Music of Numbers, Madrid

June 2017Interactions with Combinatorics, Birmingham

Mai 2017LIMDA Joint Seminar, Barcelona

March 2017FUB-TAU Joint Workshop, Tel Aviv

March 2016LIMDA Joint Seminar, Barcelona

Threshold functions for systems of equations in random sets

We present a unified framework to deal with threshold functions for the existence of solutions to systems of linear equations in random sets. This covers the study of several fundamental combinatorial families such as \(k\)-arithmetic progressions, \(k\)-sum-free sets, \(B_{h}[g]\) sequences and Hilbert cubes of dimension \(k\). We show that there exists a threshold function for the property "\(\mathcal{A}^m\) contains a non-trivial solution of \(M\cdot \textbf{x}=\textbf{0}\)” where \(\mathcal{A}\) is a random set. This threshold function depends on a parameter maximized over all subsystems, a notion previously introduced by Rödl and Ruciński. The talk will contain a formal definition of trivial solutions for any combinatorial structure, extending a previous definition by Ruzsa.

Joint work with Juanjo Rué Perna and Ana Zumalacárregui.

January 2016Research Seminar Combinatorics, Berlin

Van der Waerden Games

József Beck defines the (weak) Van der Waerden game as follows: two players alternately pick previously unpicked integers of the interval \( \{1, 2,... , n\} \). The first player wins if he has selected all members of a \(k\)-term arithmetic progression. We present his 1981 result that \( 2^{k - 7 k^{7/8}} < W^{\star} (k) < k^{3} 2^{k-2} \) where \( W^{\star} (k) \) is the least integer \( n \) so that the first player has a winning strategy.

December 2015"What is...?" Seminar Series, Berlin

What is ... Discrete Fourier Analysis?

Discrete Fourier analysis can be a powerful tool when studying the additive structure of sets. Sets whose characteristic functions have very small Fourier coefficients act like pseudo-random sets. On the other hand well structured sets (such as arithmetic progressions) have characteristic functions with a large Fourier coefficient. This dichotomy plays an integral role in many proofs in additive combinatorics from Roth’s Theorem and Gower’s proof of Szemerédi’s Theorem up to the celebrated Green-Tao Theorem. We will introduce the discrete Fourier transform of (balanced) characteristic functions of sets as well some basic properties, inequalities and exercises.

Introductory talk before Julia Wolf's lecture at the Sofia Kovalevskaya Colloquium.

October 2015Research Seminar Combinatorics, Berlin

Threshold functions for systems of equations in random sets

We present a unified framework to deal with threshold functions for the existence of certain combinatorial structures in random sets. The structures will be given by certain linear systems of equations \(M\cdot \textbf{x} = 0\) and we will use the binomial random set model where each element is chosen independently with the same probability. This covers the study of several fundamental combinatorial families such as \(k\)-arithmetic progressions, \(k\)-sum-free sets, \(B_{h}[g]\) sequences and Hilbert cubes of dimension \(k\). Furthermore, our results extend previous ones about \(B_h[2]\) sequences by Godbole et al.

We show that there exists a threshold function for the property "\(\mathcal{A}^m\) contains a non-trivial solution of \(M\cdot \textbf{x}=\textbf{0}\)" where \(\mathcal{A}\) is a random set. This threshold function depends on a parameter maximized over all subsystems, a notion previously introduced by Rödl and Ruciński. The talk will contain a formal definition of trivial solutions for any combinatorial structure, extending a previous definition by Ruzsa. Furthermore, we will study the behavior of the distribution of the number of non-trivial solutions in the threshold scale. We show that it converges to a Poisson distribution whose parameter depends on the volumes of certain convex polytopes arising from the linear system under study as well as the symmetry inherent in the structures, which we formally define and characterize.

Joint work with Juanjo Rué Perna and Ana Zumalacárregui.

Conferences and Workshops

future

October 2017BMS-BGSMath Junior Meeting, Barcelona

September 2017The Music of Numbers, Madrid

past

June 2017Interactions with Combinatorics, Birmingham

May – June 2017Random Discrete Structures, Barcelona

April – May 2017Interactions of harmonic analysis,
combinatorics and number theory
, Barcelona

March 2017FUB-TAU Joint Workshop, Tel Aviv

January 2017SODA17, ANALCO17 and ALENEX17, Barcelona

September 2016   Wőrkshop on Open Problems in
Combinatorics and Graph Theory, Wilhelsmaue

July 2016Symposium Diskrete Mathematik, Berlin

July 2016Discrete Mathematics Days Barcelona, Barcelona

February 2016PosGames2016, Berlin

January 2016Combinatorial and Additive Number Theory, Graz

September 2015Cargèse Fall School on Random Graphs

September 2015   Wőrkshop on Open Problems in
Combinatorics and Graph Theory, Vysoká Lípa

May 2015Berlin-Poznan-Hamburg Seminar: 20th Anniversary, Berlin

October 2014Methods in Discrete Structures Block Course:
Towards the Polynomial Freiman-Ruzsa Conjecture
, Berlin

Teaching

Winter 2013/14Analysis I (Tutor) at Freie Universität Berlin

Summer 2012Analysis II (Tutor) at Freie Universität Berlin

Summer 2011Analysis I (Tutor) at Freie Universität Berlin

Education

March 2015   Master of Science at Freie Universität Berlin

I wrote my master thesis on Approximating Primitive Integrals and Aircraft Performance (09/2014 - 03/2015) in the area of Graph Theory and Optimization under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Ralf Borndörfer. The research was part of the Flight Trajectory Optimization on Airway Networks project at the Zuse-Institute Berlin (ZIB). The main industry partner of this project is Lufthansa Systems Frankfurt. Furthermore it is part of the joint project E-Motion - Energieeffiziente Mobilität which is funded by the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). During the course of my research I was employed as a student research assistant at the ZIB (05/2014 - 03/2015).

September 2012   Bachelor of Science at Freie Universität Berlin

I wrote my bachelor thesis on Numerical Pricing of Financial Derivatives (06/2012 - 09/2012) under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Carsten Hartmann.

Juni 2009   Abitur at Canisius-Kolleg Berlin

Fun Stuff

You should check out FURIOS where I have worked on all sorts of things.

You can also find some of my photography on facebook and flickr.

Also check out Shagnik Das and Clément Requilé

Some conference posters I have designed:









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